International Journal of Art & Design Education

Nation-wide Assessment of Studio Work in Dutch Secondary Education

Volume 10.1   1991



The 1968 Education Act in Holland, created the opportunity for the visual arts (drawing, handicraft, textile arts) to develop into fully fledged examination subjects, and between 1972 and 1981 they were gradually introduced. With this innovation came the need for the visual arts to meet the criteria set by the current examination system. A nation-wide examination in studio work entailed a form of national examination hitherto unknown in Dutch secondary education: the assessment of studio work instead of paper-and-pencil tests. This paper discusses the issues raised in the process of developing a system of assessment of studio work in Dutch secondary education.