International Journal of Art & Design Education

European Modernist Art into Japanese School Art: the Free Drawing Movement in the 1920s

Volume 10.2   1991



The influence of European art education in Japan has been marked. An awareness of European models of art education began in the late nineteenth century with the translation of British mid-nineteenth century drawing books into Japanese, and was extended as a result of Japanese art educators travelling abroad. The turn of the century saw the introduction of the Japanese compulsory-education system which included drawing in the curriculum The democratic ideals of the Taisho Era in the early decades of the twentieth century provided a climate in which self-expression could flourish in Japanese art education, and in the 1920s the Free Drawing Movement could be successfully launched.