International Journal of Art & Design Education

Education and the Architectural Profession in Britain at the Turn of the Century

Volume 1.1   1982



The author examines the debates about the training of architects in the United Kingdom in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In the nineteenth century there were those who believed that any educated gentleman could design a town or a country house, and thus because a gentleman was often an architect, an architect should be a gentleman. Others realised that a work of architecture was the result of a large number of artists and craftsmen coming together and was not the exclusive right or prerogative of the professional architect. The paper charts developments to the passing of the Architects Registration Act in 1932 and the establishment of the Architects Registration Council, which finally made architecture a professional 'closed shop'.