International Journal of Art & Design Education

Arts Education: Process and Product

Volume 1.2   1982



Illich describes ceremonial events he witnessed in a Balinese village and makes an analogy with the world of education. He distinguishes between intransitive life and a transitive process, between the art of living and art that can be recognised as a product. Education is described as an ersatz activity and the less a society needs it, the better off it is. The author opposes education in the arts to the art of living and concludes that the latter is always gendered. He scorns education defined as the process by which young people are trained into genderless competence for genderless work and concludes that 'process' and 'product' are genderless concepts. He warns against art being reduced to the process of teaching how to be human in a man-made cage.