International Journal of Art & Design Education

Secondary School Art Methodology

Volume 5.3   1986



Based on the notion that art teaching is concerned with expressing ideas in a non-verbal way through a range of skills, this article explores ways through which pupils can generate creative responses. Drawing upon the work of Bruner as well as authorities in the field of creativity, the paper argues for a creative problem-solving approach to art teaching which also facilitates intuitive and reflective learning. To achieve this kind of teaching and learning, five attributes of effective teaching are identified which can be summarised as: clarity of instructions; understanding of pupilsĀ¹ learning; skilled demonstration; enthusiasm, and organisation. Pupil self evaluation is advanced as a desirable method of assessing learning outcomes, while several questions are posed with regard to the nature and value of assessment by external agencies.