International Journal of Art & Design Education

The Paradox of Aims in Chinese Art and Design Education: Speculation on Co-operation in Hong Kong, Post 1997

Volume 17.3   1998



In the People's Republic of China, the government views art and design as a school subject through which political ideals can be pursued. Our discussions and observations indicate that teachers regard the development of art and design knowledge and practical skills as taking precedence over inculcating Party-preferred moral and spiritual values. There is a co-operation between the central educational authority and teachers at the classroom level; but it is a co-operation with a difference of emphasis. In Hong Kong too, there is no conflict at present between government, Education Department and classroom teachers in the application of curricula - although some tension exists in relation to certain administrative policies. Considerable flexibility is allowed for teachers to exercise their own professional skills in choosing curriculum content, although there are some constraints imposed by the examination system in the upper secondary school.