Art, craft and design embody some of the highest forms of human creativity. A high-quality art and design education should engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to experiment invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. As pupils progress, they should be able to think critically and develop a more rigorous understanding of art and design. They should also know how art and design both reflect and shape our history, and contribute to the culture, creativity and wealth of our nation.
The NSEAD believes that a world class art, craft and design education provides and inspires personal expression, cultural understanding, creative and practical responses, promoting imaginative risk taking to provide solutions to our material, emotional, social and virtual worlds. A world class, art, craft and design education will engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to participate in, experiment with, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. Pupils should be able to think creatively and critically. They should investigate and evaluate a wide range of creative outcomes from the past and present to develop rigorous understanding of the many disciplines within art, craft and design and how they shape our history and future. This will enable pupils to contribute as confident citizens and future professionals to the culture, creativity, economic success, leisure, material and emotional well being of our society within both national and global contexts.
The national curriculum for art and design aims to ensure that all pupils:
By the end of each key stage pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the relevant programme of study.
NSEAD Key Stage 1
Pupils should investigate explore and start to develop their understanding and control of simple techniques as they begin to look at and talk about the work of artists, craftspeople, architects, film makers and designers in local, as well as a variety of different national, cultural and industrial contexts.
Through a variety of creative, discursive and practical activities, pupils should be taught:
Pupils should be taught:
Pupils should be taught to develop their techniques, including their control and their use of materials, with creativity, experimentation and an increasing awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design.
Pupils should learn how to further develop their understanding and control of more varied techniques as they improve their skilful handling of a range of two and three dimensional media and digital media through approaches that include investigation, experimentation and exploration.
They will develop skills, knowledge and understanding in more diverse art, craft and design contexts, including other cultures and times, as well as local, contemporary and industrial/applied contexts, to include museums and galleries.
To develop this knowledge and understanding, they will look at, talk about, critique and creatively respond to the work of artists, craftspeople, designers, film makers and architects; becoming increasingly aware of the broad diversity of creative practice across the visual arts.
Pupils should be taught:
Sketchbooks are valuable to teachers as part of the assessment process as they document the thinking and creative actions of the pupils. They are also a place where teachers can write feedback and engage in developmental dialogue. Feedback is more important and more valuable to pupils than a mark or grade
Pupils should be taught to develop their creativity and ideas, and increase proficiency in their execution. They should develop a critical understanding of artists, architects, and designers, expressing reasoned judgments that can inform their own work.
Pupils should be taught:
NB. Sketchbooks are valuable to teachers as part of the assessment process as they document the thinking and creative actions of the pupils. Teachers will use these to set both classwork and homework and as a place to write feedback and engage in developmental dialogue with pupils. Written and verbal feedback, along with tracking and follow up actions, are all more important and more valuable to pupils than just being given a mark or grade.
A drawing, painting, print or sculpture that does not depict a recognizable picture, place, person or object in the real world. An abstract artist works with non figurative symbols and marks.
Acrylic paint is fast drying paint containing pigment suspension in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic paints can be diluted with water, but become water-resistant when dry and can destroy paintbrushes and remain on clothing. Depending on how much the paint is diluted (with water) or modified with acrylic gels, media, or pastes, the finished acrylic painting can resemble a watercolour or an oil painting , or have its own unique characteristics not attainable with other media.
For health and safety guidance for paint see:
Glue based fixing agents used to bond materials together. For further information follow this link.
The method by which products, processes, services and works of art, craft and design are promoted to potential customers, audiences, clients and users. Advertising depends strongly on disciplines such as graphics and illustration.
A term used to explore and explain the look and sensual appeal of a work of art, craft or design. The term embraces aspects of beauty across all the senses; touch, taste, smell, sight and sound
A type of modelling material that dries in fresh air and needs no firing. Once hard, more fresh clay can be successfully applied to whatever has been created. For further information follow the link:
Animation is the simulation of movement by the rapid display of a series of pictures or frames. Unlike video, which takes continuous movement and breaks it up into frames, animation starts with independent pictures and puts them together to create movement. Animation comes in a variety of practices, to include stop motion animation, 3D animation and cell animation
The profession of planning, designing and constructing buildings
People who are engaged in a broad spectrum of visually led ideas and activities aligned to the expressive arts
A group of artists who have agreed to work together to a set of principles or who are perceived to be working collectively by curators, art historians and commentators. For example, Abstract Expressionism, Mannerism and Cubism
The visual outcome of an artistic movement, or an artist. For example, the style of Abstract Expressionism is manifest as large canvases with non figurative and often chaotic imagery and application. The mature style of Piet Mondrian is geometric, with a white background, a black grid formation and primary colours.
Art and design is the subject in the school curriculum. It also includes craft within the subject content, but positioning craft within the subject title would require government legislation
Art refers to a diverse range of human intellectual and expressive activities and the outcomes of those activities. Within this context art is further defined as visual art and includes painting, drawing, sculpture, printmaking, photography and work made using digital media.
The type of art produced, such as sculpture, drawing or print
To gather items together in one place. Assemblage is an artistic process that usually refers to artists who make two or three dimensional art works out of found objects
An automaton is a toy that includes a mechanical movement, engineered in metal, wood, paper or card. An automata maker creates automata that may be suitable toys for children to play with, but more often as items to be viewed and bought within the context of a gallery as a piece of craft, or sculpture, or an adult toy or conversation piece
Basket making or basket weaving is undergoing a revival of interest. Basket makers often grow or source their own natural materials, such as willow and reed, or recycle materials such as plastic and wire. As well as traditional basket makers there are many makers and artists working with basket making techniques in a contemporary context
A craft form that involves the threading, stitching and attaching of beads to one another and to cloth or another support by thread or wire. Beadwork can be decorative, as a part of clothing or jewellery, or as part of a wall hanging or sculpture
To combine or mix materials so they become indistinguishable from each other
The embellishment of the human body with temporary or permanent features, to include piercing, painting and decorating it with jewellery
The profession of creating and developing a book to include selecting images and typography, liaising with the author and editor, working within a budget and delivering a finished product to a brief
The process of physically assembling a book from materials such as cut paper, leather and card, bound with stitch or fixing agents and secured in a bookbinding press. Bookbinders restore old books, and many work to create or support artist's books and to create contemporary books that challenge preconceptions about what a book should be
A bookbinding press is the basic tool of bookbinding, most usually two flat metal plates that can be screwed together manually to ensure consistent heavy pressure on a book, or similar item
Ways in which art, craft and design can signpost to careers as well as leisure opportunities. For further information follow this link:
A process by which a liquid is poured into a mould and allowed to solidify. The mould is then removed to reveal the cast object. Further information about casting can be found here:
The profession of handwriting on diverse surfaces and in a variety of different styles
The collective word for the discipline of working with and producing artworks and functional items with fired clay. For further information follow the links:
Wood that has been heated without oxygen and turned into a mixture of carbon and ash. It can be bought in chunks, sticks or powder, is used as a drawing tool, and requires fixative after use or it will smudge
An art medium in the form of a stick of coloured pigment mixed with a binder, in this case chalk. Chalk pastels can come in a variety of soft or hard forms, and are dry and dusty to use. You will need to use fixative to preserve any images as they will continue to smudge
A brand of modelling material
The processing and printing of photographs by using chemically sensitized paper, a contact printer and enlarger most often in a dark room designed specifically for photography
Natural clay is a type of soil. Its characteristics include malleability and the ability to harden when subjected to intense heat, in an oven or kiln. Clay comes in different types, which when fired produce earthen ware, stone ware or porcelain. Clay products can be coloured with slips and glazes. For more information follow the link:
A bundle of cloths or cotton wool that can be used to wipe the surface of a print, produce textural marks if loaded with paint, or act as a stuffing agent for a toy or soft sculpture
The combination of a selection of distinct elements to work towards creating a whole image or form. The arrangement of shapes, colours, textures, marks and lines in a painting.
A practical approach to looking after resources, such as textiles, drawings and paintings. Conservationists believe that change and progression are necessary and will use contemporary methods to conserve an item. Preservation is more hands off and will seek to leave something alone rather than attempt to restore it.
A hard stick or crayon made of clay and graphite. This often comes in black and brown and provides a very solid mark. It will need fixative to prevent it smudging and is dusty to use
Conceptual art describes an art form where the ideas take a precedent over material and/or aesthetic concerns. Arguably anyone can make a piece of conceptual art by simply following the instructions of the artist
A printmaking process involving a variety of materials, such as twigs, fabrics or leaves that are glued onto a flat board. The board and collage are then covered with a thin layer of ink. A sheet of paper is placed over the inked collage, and then lifted off to reveal a print on the face down side.
The procedure for mixing colours together to effect changes of colour. Colour mixing can happen with pigment (paint, crayons pastels) or light. Colours can be initially categorised as primary: red, yellow and blue. Secondary: green, orange and purple. Mixing primary colours together will create secondary colours. Red and blue make purple. Blue and yellow make green. Red and yellow make orange
The profession of managing and making meaningful exhibitions, installations and interventions from a museum or gallery collections of paintings, sculptures, drawings, installations, objects or artefacts.
A technique of producing an artwork by gluing or fixing different, often found or discarded materials onto a 2 dimensional or 3 dimensional surface. The materials can include wrappers, cardboard, packaging, different papers and scraps of fabric, leaves, twigs and ribbons. The term collage comes from the French word ?coller' meaning to glue.
How an art work is practically put together. A life size clay sculpture may require an underlying armature of chicken wire and wood. A fabric hanging may require tailoring or padding to make it work
A person who is an artist, designer or craftsperson, but who also has an experimental, open and often collaborative approach to aspects of life and behaviour beyond the making of artistic outcomes.
An artist, crafts person or designer who is working and living in the 21st century and is availing themselves in new or up to date ideas, materials, processes and techniques
Craft can be defined as intelligent making. It is technically, materially and culturally informed. Craft is the designing and hand making of individual objects and artefacts, encouraging the development of intellectual, creative and practical skills, visual sensitivity and a working knowledge of tools, materials and systems. More about craft can be found here.
People who create one off or batches of handmade artefacts and objects, to include weavers, ceramicists, toy and automata makers, basket makers, furniture makers, knitters and blacksmiths. Craftspeople are often defined as sole traders, working as a 'creative industry of one'
The disciplines chosen by craftspeople, to include jewellery, basket making, knitting, weaving, tapestry, studio pottery, toy making, weaving, gold smithing, silver smithing and paper making
A clay that includes grog, or ground up fired clay. Rough on the hands but particularly good for slabbing and hand building. For further information follow this link:
A visual or written diary, altered book or document developed either in hard copy or virtually that records original thoughts, ideas and images that show a creative journey or series of plans and processes
The ability to reason, ask questions, debate and challenge what is presented to you.
Creativity is a tendency to generate, make or recognise ideas, propositions and possibilities that bring into existence something new, innovative or different. Imaginative activity fashioned so as to produce outcomes that are both original and of value.
The route to generating or encouraging new ideas and possibilities to emerge through iterative, chance, incremental, new or experimental activities
A range of economic activities concerned with the generation or exploitation of creative knowledge and information. The creative industries include advertising, architecture, radio and TV, publishing, the arts and antique markets, designer fashion, crafts, performing arts, design, film, software and computer services, music and computer games
Often combined with the creative industries, the cultural industries can be defined as those which produce tangible or non tangible artistic and creative outputs and which have a potential for wealth creation through the exploitation of cultural assets. A museum, art gallery, concert hall or theatre can be considered a cultural industry
The behaviours, beliefs and activities of a social, geographical, age defined or ethnic group of people, to include their artistic and creative pursuits
Design shapes ideas to become practical solutions and propositions for customers and users. Design is all around us, everything man made has been designed. The majority of designers work in teams, following a design brief and a process towards realising a commercially driven product, building, system or service
People who are engaged in the production of functional products, services and systems
A product, painting or artefact that is ornamental rather than functional. Applying colour or additions to a product or art work that enhances the look rather than the function
A specific way, a set of procedures and techniques for a specific activity e.g. the discipline of drawing embraces perspective, figure and conceptual ways of working, each with their own specific attributes
To record or observe and make written, visual or digital notes from an event, performance or place
Drawing on or with digital technologies, creating images with pixels on tablets or computers
Digital art describes art works and practices that use digital technologies as part or all of the creative process and presentation. A digital installation can include video, laser light and film projections against walls, buildings and into the sky. Digital installations are often site specific
Digital processing and printing, (laser and ink jet printing) is achieved when an image is sent directly to a printer using a digital file or PDF. Unlike offset printing there is no printing plate, nor printing press, and digital prints can be made very quickly
Digital recording is defined as recording audio or video directly onto a storage device as a stream of discrete numbers. Digital recording devices include voice, audio or video recorders,
Two dimensional space is on the same plane, and is essentially flat, having two characteristics, length and width
Three dimensional space is in the 'round', and has a combination of three characteristics from the following five terms; length, width, height, depth and breadth. We live in a three dimensional world
The art of representing object and forms on a surface chiefly with the use of line and with pencils, crayons, pens and a variety of mark making instruments. Drawing can be further defined to include figure or life drawing, perspective drawing, orthographical drawing and isometric drawing
To allow paint or ink to fall in drops
Art work, frequently sculptural that is linked to or made from elements of the landscape, to include water, stone, wood and soil. Earthworks are most likely to be seen and experienced in the place where they were made
A tool to remove marks made by pencils or crayons. Erasers, or rubbers, come in different sizes and materials, often plastic or rubber based. A traditional eraser was made from stale bread
The ability to assess, identify, understand and control emotions; both your own and those of other people
An opaque or semitransparent glassy substance applied to metallic or other hard surfaces for ornament or as a protective coating
A printmaking process that uses an acid to bite into a metal surface to create an indentation that holds ink. After printing, the marks created by the acid create the finished image
Etching presses come in different sizes, free standing, portable or bench mounted. An etching press will print from metal plates, and functions by slipping a press bed, supporting the metal plate and paper, between two rollers
Conveying thought and feeling
The profession of designing a framework or backdrop in a specific space to showcase products and art works
Tools and machinery needed to complete a task. For further information follow this link.
Things that are used or exist for a short time, frequently written or printed memorabilia
A creative practitioner, artist, craftsperson or designer who is new to the profession
Cloth typically produced by knitting, weaving or felting fibres together
Using a range of fabrics with differing colours, shapes and textures to create an image by fixing the fabrics purposefully on a surface
Designers who work in the clothing and accessory industries with a specific focus on new and seasonal trends and styles
Felt pens using water based ink in a range of bright colours and with thin pointed nibs
An artist who focuses upon painting, sculpture, drawing and printmaking, and producing expressive and non functional outcomes
The profession who create motion pictures
Images made by somebody else and discovered and appropriated from books, gallery catalogues, magazines and newspapers
Materials to include fabric, wood, metal, paper and card; leaves, twigs and stones; broken, recycled or discarded parts or scraps of objects. Materials that have not been bought or created for the purpose of making art, but have been collected from more random sources
Fabrics that have not been purposefully bought, but rather fabrics that have already been made and used, mended, re cycled, up cycled or discarded
The shape or visual appearance, structure or constitution of an object.
Bringing together parts to create a structure or object or image
The technique of placing a sheet of paper over an object, and rubbing the paper with crayon or pencil to create a textured surface from that object
The use or uses to which a product, artefact, service or system can be put.
A craftsperson or designer who makes functional products for a domestic environment: often working by themselves or as part of a small team: working to commission or for a gallery or shop, frequently creating unique or small batches of products
Clothes, to include non fashion led clothing
A category of artistic composition that shares similarities in form, subject matter or style. Paintings that include views of the sea could be considered in the genre of seascapes
A glaze in ceramics means a coating of a substance applied to a ceramic piece before firing in a kiln. When fired, the gaze will provide a decorative, colourful and protective surface to the ceramic piece. In painting, a glaze means a thin transparent layer of colour spread over an opaque layer of colour to give the effect of glowing e.g. looking at a white wall through a sheet of coloured cellophane.
A water soluble paint that is characteristically opaque
A brown tape with an adhesive side activated by water. Gum strip comes in a variety of sizes
A hand tool for the application of adhesives
The profession of making glass objects, windows or art works by moulding or blowing glass
A length of carbon, harder than charcoal that can be sharpened into a stick, suitable for drawing
The art or skill of combining text and pictures in advertisements, magazines, or books
Writing or images that have been sprayed, stencilled, painted, scratched or drawn illicitly onto or within a public place or space. Graffiti can be perceived as a form of street art, or as vandalism
The business of managing places that are important to the history of an area or an event, and encouraging people to visit them
Within a historic context the image of a holy figure: within a contemporary context a person or object who has symbolic significance
The profession that designs the spaces inside a building
A discipline that seeks to explain a place, idea, product or object, or help to tell a story through figurative imagery
An application that enables user to upload images from digital cameras or scanners which are either connected directly to the computer or the network
The ?next generation' of fibres and fabrics that think for themselves through the inclusion of electronic devices or other smart materials to include thermal, magnetic and chemical sensors
Installation art describes an artistic genre of site-specific, three-dimensional works designed to transform the perception or shape of a space
A coloured fluid used for writing, drawing, printing, or duplicating.
A tool that has an ink reservoir and a holder for different types of nibs to make different types of marks
A method of printmaking whereby the image is incised into the surface. The incision holds the ink and creates the mark or image. Intaglio is the direct opposite of relief printing
Interactive media work can be defined as animation, computer games, photo imaging and publishing. It describes anything where the audience or client engages with the work, such as manipulating a photograph or directing a computer game
A tool invented by the user to make a mark, such as a bamboo cane with charcoal taped on the end enabling the user to draw at a distance from the surface
Decorative items used to adorn parts of the body: jewellers work in many different metals, stones and fabrics, some seeking to create items that fit carefully to a finger or ear lobe, some challenging the conventions and norms of body adornment
A work of art that combines itself or is at one with the landscape, because it is made from the soil, rocks, wood and stone of the landscape in which it is viewed or experienced
An artist who is inspired by the natural world and the countryside and makes works that express interest, interrogation, despair or enjoyment of these elements
Laser printing is fast, ink free and precise. It prints by utilising a laser beam on a drum. The light of the laser alters the electrical charge on the drum, which is then rolled through a reservoir of toner. The toner is picked up by the charged sections of the drum, then transferred onto the paper
Laser cutting is a technology that uses a laser to cut materials. It was initially used by industrial manufacturers, but is now being adopted by schools, colleges and hobbyists
The practice of using lasers to engrave on or mark an object. The process uses neither tool heads nor inks
Single thicknesses or sheets of material placed on top of each other. Washes of paint placed over each other to makes changes in colour
Photography, animation, film, and video. Anything seen through a lens to include the virtual as well as physical lens. 3D animation can be created entirely virtually but the software takes on the metaphor or role of the lens
The technique of relief printing using a printing press. Most commonly a printer would compose and move lockable type to create words, but letterpress also refers to other forms of relief printing, to include wood engraving
An artist, craftsperson or designer who cuts letters out of surfaces, to include gravestones, monuments and public sculpture, stone walls and surfaces to include metal and wood
The durable and flexible material created by the tanning and curing of animal skin
Lino for printmaking is essentially different from lino as flooring. Printmaking lino comes in soft sheets and can be cut into with a variety of special lino cutters. Once the image has been created, using the cutters as a pencil, the lino is inked up using a roller. After printing onto a sheet of paper, the uncarved areas hold the printing ink and the carved areas remain white
Photography, animation, film and video. Anything using light as a medium to create an image or art work, to include the creative use of light boxes and photocopiers
Removing a sheet that has been applied to an inked and textured surface in order to create an image
Making as wide a variety of dots and lines of differing size, shape and density as you can invent
Combine different colours and thicknesses of paint to explore its tactile qualities and continue to explore it by spreading it on surfaces
A recurrent theme or shape or image or symbol in an art work
A tape that is gently adhesive on one side and can be stuck and unstuck onto surfaces several times before wearing out
Priorities and importance
The ability of a material to be hammered bent or reshaped to the needs or wishes of the artist, craftsperson or designer
Materials that can be strengthened to make 3-dimensional works, such as felt rolled into tubes and balls and canvas soaked in PVA or plaster
The resources that artists, craftspeople and designers use to create work, to include thread, plastic, stone, wood, clay, paint and paper
Different materials used by artists, such as paint, charcoal, clay and thread.
A solid material, an element, alloy or compound that is typically hard and shiny, and features good electrical and thermal conductivity. Creative practitioners use metals because they are generally malleable: they can be hammered or pressed permanently out of shape without breaking or cracking. Fusible; able to be fused or melted, and ductile, able to be drawn out into a thin wire.
For health and safety guidance for a wide range of metals and related products see:
For a selection of craftspeople working in metal see:
Art works that can be contemporary or traditional and embrace combinations of materials in the same work to include paint, ink, chalk, pencil etc. Not the same as multi media works which refer to works that include sound art, dance, light and moving image
A method of creating a one off print by rolling ink onto a flat or textured surface and placing a sheet of paper over the surface. A drawing created on the paper will reveal a fuzzy impression on the reverse side when the paper is lifted away from the inked surface.
Representing something in 3 dimensions
Modroc is plaster of Paris in the form of a bandage. It can be cut into lengths and soaked in water then moulded into shape and sets hard when dry.
For health and safety guidance on ModRoc and plaster of Paris see:
A type of clay that is especially malleable and good for building and sculpture
The technique of selecting, editing, and piecing together separate sections of film to form a continuous whole. Montage was a useful device for overcoming the drawbacks of silent film.
A picture or pattern produced by arranging small pieces of coloured hard metal, stone, clay or glass and fixing them onto a surface
Contemporary art works embracing a wide range of media to communicate meaning, to include visual art, sound art, moving image, dance and light. Not the same as mixed media art works, which refer to works that include a combination of paint, chalk, glass, ink and pencil etc
A non drying reusable modelling material
Dyes or colourants derived from plants, animals or minerals. For further information follow this link
A paste made with ground pigment and a drying oil such as linseed oil. A versatile paint that requires turpentine as a thinner and is non water soluble. For further information follow this link
Colour perception that results from the combination of adjacent colour areas by the eye/brain. Pointillism is an example.
Quick or informal drawings attempting to make a representation of something seen
Generally accepted practices, and the adherence to the disciplines within these practices e.g. sky is always blue, sketchbooks are only for pencil drawings
Sticks of coloured pigment bound by oil. Oil pastels can be greasy and sticky to use and need fixing or they will smear
A coloured substance that can be thickened or thinned and spread over surfaces. Paint can be water soluble, oil or plastic based, and have opaque or transparent qualities. For further information please follow thus link
The process of creating a work of art on a surface using paint.
Paper comes in many different shapes, textures, weights colours and sizes.
A legal term and system used to protect an idea being copied without prior consent. You can register an idea at the Patent Office, and secure rights to the idea and sell the rights on if you don't realise the idea yourself.
A specific historic time and context of an art, craft or design form
A hands off approach to looking after resources, such as textiles and paintings. Conservationists believe that change and progression are necessary and will use contemporary methods to conserve an item. Preservation is more hands off and will seek to leave something alone rather than attempt to restore it.
Having feelings, thoughts and ideas meaningful to oneself
The relative sizes and shapes in an image or art work
The repletion of elements, shapes, images or symbols that will evolve into a regular, overall surface image
A material that begins as a dry power and can be mixed with water to form a paste which liberates heat and goes hard. It can be used for imprinting, casting and carving. For health and safety advice follow this link
Lamination manufactures a material in layers, paper lamination can bind sheets of paper to each other, or reinforce sheets of paper with a plastic coating via a laminating machine
A modelling substance made from a mixture of torn paper and liquid glue that can be moulded and dried into a specific shape or object, to include sculpture and jewellery
The art of drawing solid objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width and depth. A picture drawn in such a way, appearing to enlarge or extend the actual space, or to give the effect of distance
A blunt tool used for mixing or applying paint, with a flexible steel blade. It is primarily used for mixing paint colours. The word ?palette' in the name is a reference to an artist's palette which is used for mixing oil paint and acrylic paints. Palette knives come in two types: a ?putty' knife with a round tip, suited for mixing paints on the palette and a painting knife with a pointed tip lowered like a trowel, suitable for painting on canvas
An artist who paints people, with an emphasis on the face, personality and attributes of the sitter
The process of making a work of art by making or taking the impression of one surface onto another
A synthetic resin used in varnishes and works as a painting medium. Its full name is polyvinyl acetate.
To nip and manipulate a material between finger and thumb.
The first layer of an image drawn or painted on a surface. The layer may be textured or smooth
An art work created out of light and sound and projected into a space and/or against a surface
A type of modelling clay made out of PVC. It typically contains no clay minerals but like mineral clay a liquid is added to dry particles until it achieves gel-like working properties, and similarly, the part is put into an oven to harden, hence its colloquial designation as clay. Polymer clay is generally used for making arts and craft items, and is also used in commercial applications to make decorative parts. For more information follow this link.
A soft modelling material that does not harden. Suitable for young children
A craftsperson who focuses on making functional clay products, often throwing them on a purpose made wheel
An art form based on designed activities on film or confined to a time and place
The final, often hand made model of a product ready for consumer testing before going into mass production. Rapid prototyping can also be used, utilising CAM technologies to test the qualities and attributes of a product before manufacture
A series of actions, changes or operations performed in the making or creating of a product or outcomes
A broad term used to describe someone who designs for batch or mass production, usually following a design brief and process and working as part of a team within a company. The design will have been created as a one off and market and consumer tested before being submitted to a manufacturing process
Plastic comes in many shapes, forms and colours. A plastic is an organic polymer that is mouldable. More information about plastics can be found here.
The tern plastic can also be used as a noun to describe art forms that involve modelling or moulding, such as sculpture and ceramics, or art involving the representation of solid objects with three-dimensional effects.
A printer that reproduces a solid form
A soft kneadable rubber that can be twisted into a point or wedge, and used as both an eraser and a drawing tool
Removing or lessening something
To give something another function
A printmaking technique where the surface of the block are incised or cut away to hold ink and make an image
Repeating the same pattern or image over and over again to make a single surface design or image
To conclude or complete an art work
The process of creating a work of art that can be seen in the round or as a relief
A thin sheet of a material, card or plastic, with a design cut out from it. A stencil is placed on a sheet of paper or fabric. Paint is rolled or sprayed or dabbed over the stencil. When the stencil is lifted the paint will have marked the paper or fabric through the cut out areas. A stencil can be used over and over again to make a repeat pattern
Textile/surface design is the art of changing the appearance of natural and synthetic surfaces by the application of traditional, stylized, digitized, and illusionary techniques to embellish a product. It's also the art of enhancing a surface's structure by applying three-dimensional techniques, such as weaving, knitting, embroidery, lace, devoré, beading, and embossing.
A rough, first, or quick drawing or painting to assist in exploring and planning a more finished art work. A means of information gathering
A vehicle for exploring and containing visual or written prompts ideas and sketches, a means of information gathering, traditionally in a specific book with blank sheets of paper. Sketchbooks can be virtual, they can be handmade, and creative works of art in their own right
The relative size of an object or art work in relation to its surroundings and to itself
To place one on top of another
Techniques and attributes acquired through learning, engagement and practice
A modelling material made out of salt, flour and water, often coloured with food colouring. Salt dough models can be baked in a domestic oven to harden off, and can be painted afterwards
The process of creating an object or work of art that can be seen in the round, or as a relief; often created by modelling, carving, chiselling or building up form by using a variety of materials, to include wood, clay, metal and stone
A form of glazing, using opaque paint over a painted surface that allows the paint underneath to show through. Scumbling can be done with a paint brush or rag to create layers of colour and texture.
A printing technique that uses woven mesh in a frame to support an ink blocking stencil to create an image. A squeegee moves ink over the surface of the screen to press unblocked ink onto the paper or fabric on the other side
An art work, most usually a sculpture that has been created to be positioned and remain in a specific place, for example the art works commissioned to go on the Fourth Plinth in Trafalgar Square are site specific
An elastomer, or rubber like material composed of a polymer called silicone. Widely used in industry and by artists and designers it can be coloured and extruded into many different shapes and designs
A technique for the mass or batch production of pottery, especially for shapes that cannot be made or thrown on a wheel. Slip is liquid clay; the slip is poured into a plaster mould and allowed to form a layer which is dried, removed from the mould, and fired
To cover with spots or droplets, often by shaking or flicking a brush loaded with paint
Using a nozzle or spray bottle, scatter an even shower of droplets over a surface
A tool that has a broad, flat flexible blade to mix, spread or lift
Sculptors who create art works, or functional items such as gravestones and fireplaces out of blocks of stone
An armature is a type of skeleton or rigid support system for an art work e.g. a large clay sculpture will collapse on itself if it does not have the underlying support system of an armature of wood and chicken wire for the clay to cling onto
To remove something, e.g. creating a clay sculpture by subtracting, rather than adding clay.
Textiles that are created to function within 3 dimensions, to include soft furnishings such as braiding and tassels. Textiles that may have sculptural or self supporting qualities either in the way they are tailored or created by folding and bending, and by surface treatments such as laminating and heating
A stylist is concerned with the visual and ergonomic impact of a product, artefact or system
A set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole
A designer who develops a plan or a series of instructions and behaviours to enable people to interact with a product e.g. designing the type pad on a mobile device so it is user friendly
Practical or decorative items made out of cloth
A designer who creates decorative, meaningful or functional items out of cloth
Words that describe the tools, processes, equipment and systems within certain activities
A procedure, formula or routine by which an outcome or art work is achieved, to include weaving thread into cloth with a darning needle, carving wood with a chisel and throwing clay on a wheel to make a pot
A water soluble creamy painting medium where pigment is mixed with a glutinous material such as size or egg yolk to create a medium that provides an opaque finish.
A physical item used to achieve a goal. A fashion designer might use a needle and tailors dummy, a jeweller might use a clamp and pliers. Many artists, craftspeople and designers make or invent their own tools for a particular task
A typographer is concerned with the selection and application of typefaces and their arrangement on the page.
A process of converting or repurposing waste products or useless items or materials into new, higher quality products with an enhanced environmental value.
The native dialect, the architecture local to a particular place e.g. the vernacular architecture of Hampshire includes flint and stone walls
Images seen in everyday life that have an immediate and often shorthand meaning e.g the stick figures used to specify male and female WCs
Images developed by a computer that give an impression of reality, within the context of a game that can be explored as if you were really there, or to scrutinise a product in the round before making it out of real material.
The capability to interpret, negotiate, understand and make meanings from information presented as images and symbols.
The capability to interpret the surrounding environment, whether physical or virtual, by processing information presented as images and symbols
Publishing that is contained to a website, a blog or an online facility; virtual publishing can be distributed free or controlled by a pay wall.
'Time-based media' refers to works of art which depend on technology and have duration as a dimension.
Paint that can be thinned and cleaned with water. For further information please follow the link
A painting technique in which a paintbrush is loaded with watery paint and passed loosely over a surface to make a continuous transparent area with little evidence of brushwork
A compound derived from plants, animals, petroleum or synthetically made, with special characteristics that make it ideal for fine and detailed modelling, it becomes very malleable at body temperature.
A stick of colour pigment bound with wax. Wax crayons are non toxic, don't smudge, and come in many colours. They make excellent crayons for young children as they come in different thicknesses
A craftsperson who had chosen to work in the medium of weave, using yarn, willow, string, paper and plastic, and with a variety of hand, table and freestanding looms
A process of fabric production whereby two distinct sets of yarns are interlocked at right angles to each other. The longitudinal yarn is known as warp and the lateral yarn is known as weft. The main tool for weaving is a loom.
Willow, as a harvested greenwood can be used to create sculptural forms and baskets. It can also be used as a growing product to create ?living sculptures.'
Wires made especially for craft work and sculpture can be obtained in strips or coils, in different colours, plastic coated, mesh, copper or silver and in a variety of gauges.
As a subset of work working, wood carving is reductive; carving removes, rather than adds form to a sculpture or relief. Carving has its own tools and techniques, to include chisels, awls and knives.
A place dedicated to making products or artefacts, containing the tools and materials relating to the development of the product, for example, the workshop of a weaver would contain yarns, needles and scissors and floor and table looms.
The process of making products, sculptures and artefacts from wood, using specific tools such as chisels and saws and techniques such as carving, chiselling and planing, and working with specific procedures such as joints.
A long and continuous length of interlocking fibres, often wool or cotton, suitable for the creation of textiles to include knitting, weaving, crocheting and embroidery.
Any means to measure the success of a project, idea, or artwork.